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A bullion depository is a facility for the safekeeping of gold bars and coins or other precious metals. These depositories offer high-level around-the-clock security—far better than the kind of security available at home or even with a safe deposit box at a bank. 

The United States Bullion Depository, often known as Fort Knox, is one of the most famous and secure bullion depositories in the world. Keep reading as the precious metals experts from First National Bullion, the best place to buy gold in Scottsdale, explore the significance of the U.S. Bullion Depository and its role in safeguarding the nation’s wealth and economic stability.


Fort Knox, located in Kentucky, has been a cornerstone of American history since its establishment in 1918. Named after the first Secretary of War, General Henry Knox, the fort has played a crucial role in protecting the nation’s interests. 

In 1937, the U.S. Treasury Department selected Fort Knox as the site for a new depository to store the nation’s gold holdings. Its purpose was to store gold then stored in New York City and Philadelphia, in keeping with a strategy to move gold reserves away from coastal cities to areas less vulnerable to foreign military attack. The first shipment of gold arrived at Fort Knox in 1937 by U.S. mail. By 1941, the depository held roughly 417 million troy ounces (12,960 metric tons) of gold bullion, almost two-thirds of the total gold reserves of the United States.

During World War II, the depository also stored valuable documents and artifacts for protection, such as the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, the Bill of Rights, the Magna Carta, and the crown of St. Stephen, King of Hungary. Today, the depository holds about 147 million troy ounces (4,580 metric tons) of gold bullion, over half of the Treasury’s stored gold. It also holds some rare coins and medals, such as ten 1933 Double Eagle gold coins, a 1974-D aluminum penny, and twelve gold Sacagawea dollar coins that flew on the space shuttle Columbia.

Security Features

The U.S. Bullion Depository is surrounded by a fenced perimeter and rings of razor wire. The grounds are monitored by high-resolution night vision video cameras and microphones. The subterranean vault is made of steel plates, I-beams, and cylinders encased in concrete. Its torch-and-drill resistant door is 21 inches thick and weighs 20 short tons. The vault door is set on a 100-hour time lock and can only be opened by members of the depository staff, who must dial separate combinations. Visitors aren’t allowed inside.

The actual structure and content of the facility is known by only a few, and no single person knows all the procedures to open the vault. The United States Mint Police protect the depository, and it’s also guarded by the nearby Fort Knox Army post, which has helicopters, tanks, and artillery units. The depository has never been robbed or attacked.

Protection of National Wealth

The primary function of the U.S. Bullion Depository is to safeguard the nation’s wealth in the form of gold reserves. The depository holds a significant portion of the U.S. government’s gold holdings, ensuring their security and availability when needed. By securely storing these reserves, the U.S. Bullion Depository protects the nation’s economic stability, bolstering confidence in the U.S. dollar and its position as a global reserve currency.

Enhanced National Security

Beyond its economic role, the U.S. Bullion Depository plays a vital role in enhancing national security. The substantial gold reserves stored in Fort Knox serve as a strategic asset during times of crisis or uncertainty. In addition to being a tangible symbol of the nation’s economic strength, the gold reserves can serve as a financial buffer, supporting the country’s ability to navigate challenging times, stabilize markets, and maintain a strong financial position in the world.

Deterrence & Confidence

The presence of the U.S. Bullion Depository and the security measures surrounding it serve as a deterrent to potential threats. The facility’s robust security systems create a formidable barrier against unauthorized access or theft attempts. The knowledge that the nation’s gold reserves are securely stored in Fort Knox enhances confidence in the stability and integrity of the U.S. financial system.

Symbol of Economic Strength

The U.S. Bullion Depository, with its massive gold reserves, serves as a symbolic representation of the nation’s economic strength and stability. It showcases the U.S. government’s commitment to preserving its wealth and ensuring the long-term prosperity of its citizens. The presence of such a fortified depository reaffirms the United States’ position as a global economic powerhouse and reinforces investor confidence in the country’s financial instruments.

The U.S. Bullion Depository at Fort Knox stands as a testament to the importance of preserving wealth, enhancing national security, and instilling confidence in the U.S. economy. With its rich historical legacy, the depository plays a crucial role in safeguarding the nation’s gold reserves, bolstering economic stability, and serving as a symbol of the country’s economic strength. The U.S. Bullion Depository and its iconic Fort Knox facility will continue to hold their prominent place in the nation’s financial landscape for years to come.

When they’re seeking advice on storing bullion or looking for the best place to buy gold bars, Scottsdale, precious metals collectors should reach out to the trustworthy professionals at First National Bullion. We can answer all your questions and help you find all the information you need on how precious metals such as gold and silver can figure into your investment decisions. Give one of our experienced dealers a call today at (480) 546-5089.

The statements made in this blog are opinions, and past performance is not indicative of future returns. Precious metals, like all investments, carry risk. Precious metals and coins may appreciate, depreciate, or stay the same in cash value depending on a variety of factors. First National Bullion does not guarantee, and its website and employees make no representation, that any metals for sale will appreciate sufficiently to earn the customers a profit. The decision to buy, sell, or borrow precious metals and which precious metals to purchase, borrow, or sell are made at the customer’s sole discretion.

By |2023-07-16T22:41:21-07:00July 20th, 2023|Miscellaneous|0 Comments